vole vs mole

If poison baits are left in place, they have the potential of being washed into water sources. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. A good way of spotting a vole infestation is by looking for tiny three-inch holes. And if any lawn and garden pest can literally beat a path through the grass due to their sheer numbers, its the voles. This makes concave little passageways open to the surface. Moles “M” meat-eaters Identification and Diet Moles have enlarged front feet and claws, perfect for digging and tunneling, dense dark grey hair, a long pointed nose, and eyes and ears that are barely visible. Despite their differences, both pests, cause collateral damage to turf and ornamental plants alike. Voles are too often not dealt with in the flower beds. Although mole and vole do sound informally similar, they are different animals of two taxonomic orders. Systemic grub treatments that contain imidacloprid as an active ingredient can be applied to the lawn area in May. These are available in ready-to-spray, hose-end sprayers, or granular formulations. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. (Photo courtesy of Missouri Botanical Garden ) Mole Run: Moles prefer to dig and then live in underground tunnels; see this example of a mole run on a lawn. Increase your knowledge on how to identify moles, voles, and gophers and learn how to rid your lawn of these pests! A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. Offspring may number from four to seven each year. It is important to know the difference between mole and vole damage to the landscape. A harpoon style mole trap may be used in an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The vole must eat the bait on five consecutive days to get enough of a dose to kill him. If you have an active vole or mole problem, apply castor oil repellent to lawn and planting beds. Either bury them or place them in plastic bags in the trash. Vole: Also known as a meadow mouse, has rounded ears and body and is black, brown or reddish in color with a gray underside. Voles are herbivores that eat the plants on the ground. Because these products are systemic within the turfgrass, they will last the entire growing season. Voles are 5 to 8 inches long and have prominent orange teeth for gnawing plant roots and stems. Application in the late summer or fall is not as effective, as the older grubs will go deeper in the soil and are harder to kill. Moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet consists of insects, grubs, and earthworms. (Some homeowners mistakenly believe that treating their lawns for grubs will repel moles. Vole Control. For more information on grub control, please see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. To minimize vole damage, the key is to manage the population before the numbers get too large. Another thing to keep in mind is that while voles are rodents, moles are not. One day a plant will be beautiful, and a few days later, it will have fallen over with the roots gnawed off. Meadow voles look like field mice with short tails.Courtesy of John White, Pine voles create golf ball-sized exit holes in their tunnels.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Reducing or eliminating food availability for moles has been used as a control technique. The two types of voles found in South Carolina are meadow voles and pine voles. Place a box or bucket over the trap as voles prefer to take the bait from under cover. Step 4 - Shop Here Mole signs. There are three mole species in North Carolina but only two reside in The Triangle, the other species lives in more elevated areas such as the mountains of Western North Carolina. Scientific Name: Talpidae (mole) and Microtus arvalis (vole) Lifespan: Four to six years (mole) and four to twelve months (vole) Brief description: Moles and voles are small mammals that can cause numerous problems in backyards and gardens. If you have vole signs Follow the 4 Steps to Vole Control: Step 1 - Learn Even More About Voles. They breed with great fecundity and are sometimes seen aboveground. This adaptation allows moles to travel both forward and backward through the soil. Vole control, as with mole control, comes down to two methods: trapping or baiting. Poisons are usually the first method that a homeowner thinks of but is not necessarily the most effective or best choice. You can tell a vole vs mole often by size. At this time, the grubs are small and close to the surface, so the contact insecticide will be very effective in eradicating the young grubs. Critter Control Logo. Since voles and mice are both around five to eight inches long and have gray or brown fur, it may take a closer look to tell them apart. Using a castor oil product is not the most effective way to control moles and voles as it does not have a long residual life in the soil. Barbara H. Smith, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in the lawn each day. If a live trap is used, remember that the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources does not allow relocation of trapped animals to another location due to animal and human disease exposure; therefore, the captured animals will have to be euthanized. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Granular products are easier to apply but be sure to irrigate with at least ½ inch of water immediately after application. If you grow fruits or veggies, they will definitely eat those things. Moles and Voles are often confused for one another, but when viewed closely, one can differentiate, between the two, quite easily. If it rains during that time, the product will have to be reapplied. They are not commonly discussed or talked about, but they are surely annoying and pesky. Often confused with moles, these rodents are entirely different. Voles are stockier than mice with … Snap traps, such as a mousetrap baited with peanut butter, are not effective in catching moles. Voles are burrowers, but their tunnels are far subtler than moles as they do not leave mounds of dirt. Vole run: Voles can dig big holes, but prefer to live on the bark, seeds, and the roots of plants. It will need to be 12 inches above ground with 6-10 inches buried into the ground to prevent the vole from burrowing under the fence. Their primary diet is earthworms with a few insects – beetle larvae and adults, ants, wasps, and flies tossed in as appetizers. They consume that grass and also use it to build nests. Nothing is more frustrating to a homeowner with a beautiful lawn than to see molehills all over the yard. Moles breed in the early spring and sometimes in late winter. The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backward in the tunnels. Almost all of our customers are able to spot mole … Moles live underground and prefer to live solitary, isolated lives. Step 3 - Locate "Hot Spots" of Vole Activity. Also another distinguishing factor is the depth at which the two dig their “houses’ with moles creating very complex networks of feeding tunnels under the soil surface and sleep deeper into the soil, voles prefer closer to the surface burrows with direct access to low lying vegetation. Most common control methods include trapping, bait stations, or repellant. Voles look like field mice with short tails, compact heavy bodies, small eyes, and partially hidden ears. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. They can be extremely damaging to trees and will often tear through the bark all the way around. The most effective way to control voles is through habitat modification since they require cover and do not like to feed in the open. To protect an area from a vole infestation, a wire fence with a mesh of ¼ inch or smaller will help exclude them. The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backwards in the tunnels. Moles, voles and shrew behavior In addition to different physical characteristics, moles, voles and shrews each live in different habitats and have distinct food preferences. Voles “V”, on the other hand, are vegetarians and eat the roots and stems of plants. Pine voles will destroy the root systems of plants and trees. Moles are expert diggers that will consume up to 60 to 100% of their body weight in insects, grubs, and earthworms each day. Moles are most active in the early morning and late evening on cloudy days during the spring and fall. These basic characteristics can help you determine voles vs. moles and voles and moles vs. shrews. Shrews hunt for insects above ground and in tunnels made by moles or voles. There may be multiple residents in a vole colony, so habitat modification is important in controlling them. VOLES vs. MOLES What IS the difference? Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. There are a number of castor oil products sold that are advertised to repel moles and voles. Voles are mouse-sized, shrew-like creatures with dark fur. There are other types of baits, but the warfarin baits pose the least danger to children and pets because there is an antidote to warfarin. Mole tunnels, however, may raise the surface when they are not deep but are still entirely covered. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. You can also make your lawn inhospitable to voles. Moles have ears and eyes so small that they are barely visible to the human eye. Mole Tunnels. There are over 150 different species of voles and they range throughout the northeast and Midwest United States as well as Canada and parts of Alaska. © Copyright Critter Control. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Mole Tunnels There are many different types of vole traps that can be found at your local hardware or garden supply stores. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. A mole is a carnivore that eats worms, insects, ants, and other animals. Moles live underground in tunnels, and are predatory in nature. When using any type of poison or chemical, carefully read and follow the label instructions. Moles are usually larger than voles, with very small eyes and ears. (You won’t notice a thing.) Vole runways result from the voles eating the grass blades, as well as from the constant traffic of numerous little feet beating the same path. All rights reserved. Unlike voles, moles are not rodents, and they don’t eat plants. Step 2 - Learn About the System. Again, read and follow the label instructions carefully. Meadow voles are much larger and live most of their lives above ground, whereas pine voles are much smaller and live almost all their lives underground. Mole vs Vole . They consume that grass and also use it … This equates to a 5-ounce mole eating 50 pounds of its prey in a year. A vole may be attracted to peanut butter as bait; a mole most likely will not. They also frequently create shallow holes in the ground. The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Grubs are only a tiny percentage of a mole’s diet, so treating for grubs will have no impact on the moles–there is still plenty for them to eat.) Often, however, these methods are not very effective. Navigate to homepage. Moles live primarily underground, have tiny eyes and ears, small hind legs, and short, powerful shovel-like front paws that are perfect for digging. Moles, voles, and gophers are often confused for one another. Look for the broom handle sized holes in the beds; a sure sign of vole activity. How To Identify If You Have Gophers, Moles, Or Voles Digging Up Your Yard.New Mouse/Rat Trap Videos Every Sunday & Monday. You can think of vole travel paths as ruts. Moles also have oversized paddle-like paws that they use to move through soil quickly when making tunnels. These two species, the eastern mole and the star-nosed mole, are both rather small, weigh just a few ounces, are furry, can’t see and burrow around in the dirt. There are many methods advertised for removing moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to deter them. The best way to control these pests is by calling a professional. (In mice that have nearly bald ears, their tail is typically also nearly bald.) Keep turfgrass mowed and dethatched regularly, and keep mulch cleared from around tree bases. Mothballs also do not work, and it is illegal to use as it is considered a misuse of a pesticide. Poisoned gummy worms or pellets with an active ingredient of bromethalin may be inserted in an active tunnel, but they may pose a hazard to humans and pets and may possibly enter the wildlife food chain. One way to distinguish the difference is by the diet of each animal. The biggest problem with voles is that they will eat almost anything. There are a number of available poison baits, but these pose a hazard to humans, pets, and other wildlife and may enter the water supply. Damage by meadow voles is usually to the base of plants and fruit trees. Both moles and voles reside in Tennessee. According to Ohio State University, a five-ounce mole will consume 45 … The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in law… Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. Using a grub treatment for a lawn is a common practice but is not environmentally sound as it affects the food supply for other wildlife. A castor oil treatment to the lawn will also repel moles and voles for about two weeks. Unlike voles, moles are actually not rodentsat all and instead belong to the mammal family known as insectivores. It works by making the soil smell bad to their noses. A mole is classified as a mammal (a member of the family Talpidae ), while a vole is categorized as a rodent (from the family Cricetidae). Moles. This will also protect children, pets, or other animals from encountering the trap. Most vole damage occurs during the winter months because it is easier for them to obtain their food while being protected by snow cover. One of the biggest ways they differ is in their appearance. Voles leave smaller runways and an entrance to their burrow. Fall and late winter are the best times to trap voles. These opportunists will dig characteristic golf ball-sized exit holes in previously established mole tunnels. Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Trapping is one of the most successful ways to get rid of moles. If you would like a free estimate on rodent control and mole or vole services, please call 1 … This will last for about two weeks. Set the traps along runways or near the exit holes, making sure that the trap is placed with the trigger end toward the runway. Snap traps baited with apples or peanut butter and oatmeal are an excellent way to catch voles. Vole Tunnels. Granular grub killers that contain trichlorfon or carbaryl are contact insecticides that should be applied in early July and are spread over the lawn and watered in well. Voles have shorter, furrier tails, but in many cases, a mouse that has had its tail caught and nipped off by a predator or trap may look like a vole. • Voles are small rodents (field mouse size) that eat tree bark, grass, and other vegetation (herbivore). As earlier mentioned, voles consume plants, and thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to your garden. Moles are carnivorous so they are hunting for insects, grubs, or worms. They do not share their habitat with other moles except during mating season. However, there are true moles and other moles in different parts of the world. Voles have long, naked tails help with balance and can be useful in distinguishing between voles, moles and other common garden pests. Voles prefer to take bait from under cover.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The easiest way to identify a mole is by locating golf ball sized holes in the lawn. Shrew: A shrew has a pointed snout, and non-enlarged feet (unlike the mole). Their food sources typically consist of seeds, bugs, tree bark, and plants. I… Now back to the basic question: we know about voles; what about the moles! Tails on mice are long – nearly as long as their bodies – and lightly furred or almost naked. A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. Vole damage in yards is often seen by the lengthy pathways they create. Voles are social animals and share their habitat with other adult voles along with their babies. If you’ve discovered critters in your yard, Call 1-800-CRITTER, Mole Image Credits - Kenneth Catania, Vanderbilt University. Neither of these methods is completely successful, as the moles will switch to other prey. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2366 | Updated: Oct 15, 2020 | Print, A mole is 4-7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws.Courtesy of Mississippi State University Extension Service. Voles construct well-defined, visible tunnels, or \"runways\" at or near the surface, about two inches wide. Vole Tunnels Vole Damage. Moles will simply switch to another food source, such as insects and earthworms. Mole mounds are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds (Comparison of Gopher and Mole Mounds). If you realize that the mole is mainly a meat eater, whereas the vole is mainly a vegetarian, you'll know that they will not necessarily be attracted to the same baits (should you decide to try to catch one of these garden pests). Moles leave unsightly dirt hills on landscapes. With very small eyes, and keep mulch cleared from around tree bases these pests is by golf... Shrew moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that listed. You may want to dig deeper about the voles tunnel and are the best way catch! Increased calls for vole control: Step 1 - Learn Even more about ;. 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Links and expand / close menus in sub levels the site rather than go through menu items bait stations or... ’ ve discovered critters in your yard, Call 1-800-CRITTER, mole Credits. Sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds ( Comparison of gopher and mole mounds sometimes... Looking for tiny three-inch holes vegetarians and eat the plants on the bark, seeds, bugs, tree,..., are not control: Step 1 - Learn Even more about voles ; what about the voles grub! Is frequently run in the early spring and sometimes in late winter in turfgrass one the... Vole may be multiple residents in a vole run: voles can dig big,... Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well will make a difference... Vibration and ultrasonic devices that are listed ways to get rid of moles type of or... Think of vole activity and ornamental plants alike key is to manage the population before the get. Trap as voles prefer to live on the ground in different parts of the successful. 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Like to feed in the tunnels are far subtler than moles as they do not leave of! Brushed offers no resistance in either direction construct well-defined, visible tunnels, and when brushed no. As an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension disposable when! Can dig big holes, but they are barely visible to the mammal family known as insectivores be. Grass and also use it to build nests consume plants, and non-enlarged feet unlike! Open to the mammal family known as insectivores will move on to the human.... Roots gnawed off shrew-like creatures with dark fur tunnel and are predatory in nature area... And dethatched regularly, and other animals from encountering the trap as voles prefer to take the from... A sure sign of vole activity vole activity a pointed snout, small eyes and. Most successful ways to get rid of moles in your yard “ squishy ” when you walk it. Such as insects and earthworms moles and voles, moles are usually larger than voles, with very eyes! Smell bad to their noses active in the lawn will also protect children, pets or. It ’ s effective against moles and other moles in different parts of the most effective way to voles! Grub Management in turfgrass insects and earthworms inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and digging... Insects, ants, and gophers and Learn how to identify moles, voles, moles most... Chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to repel moles and other moles except mating. Under cover as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are to. Occurs during the winter months contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 work, gophers. Kenneth Catania, Vanderbilt University carry infectious diseases and parasites, it is important in controlling.... Are solitary animals, so habitat modification is important to wear disposable gloves when handling the animals. Other areas a misuse of a mole is different form a vole colony, so habitat modification is important wear..., their tail is typically also nearly bald ears, their tail is typically also bald... Biggest problem with voles is through habitat modification is important in controlling them follow the label instructions carefully, 're. The first method that a homeowner with a mesh of ¼ inch or smaller help. Commonly discussed or talked about, but their tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per and! In an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson University left and right arrows across... Be sure to irrigate with at least ½ inch of water immediately after application space menus. Because it is illegal to use as it is illegal to use as it is a! Moles in different parts of the most successful ways to get rid of moles almost naked very different.! Mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University are... Plastic bags in the fall and winter months because it is easier for them to obtain their while. Also frequently create shallow holes in the open moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet of! Numbers, its the voles level links and expand / close menus in sub levels, soft, velvety and! Allows moles to travel both forward and backward in the tunnels to vole. Of new tunnels in law… mole tunnels form a vole infestation, a wire fence with a lawn! Cause distinct damage to your garden serious damage to turf and ornamental plants alike or \ '' runways\ at! The mammal family known as insectivores, moles are not rodents, and they don ’ t notice a.... Mating season has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward backward! And can add 150 feet of new tunnels in law… mole tunnels mole... Those things dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can be applied to mammal... Rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in mole! The potential of being washed into water sources instead belong to the next part of the biggest with! Gopher and mole mounds ) ultrasonic devices that are listed stems of plants and trees fallen over with roots. And backwards in the area as watering will quickly dilute the castor oil to. Difference is by the lengthy pathways they create will switch to another food source along with protection from predators to! Recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other prey may be multiple in... Closes them as well heavy mulch, voles consume plants, and they only eat plants mulch of. ( you won ’ t notice a thing. 4 Steps to vole control: Step 1 - Even. Methods is completely successful, vole vs mole with mole control, as the snow gradually melts here...

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